Biological Domain

Key Attributes of the Biological Domain as identified by Shanker

Children who are optimally self-regulated in the biological domain will demonstrate these key attributes:

  • physical health, which includes a robust immune system
  • sufficient energy on waking up, which is maintained through the course of the day
  • the ability to recoup energy after difficult experiences
  • the ability to remain calm amid distracting visual and auditory stimuli
  • the ability to follow healthy daily routines: diet, exercise, sleep
  • engagement in – and enjoyment of – physical activities, enabled by well-functioning motor systems that, for example, allow the coordination of arms and legs and of eyes and fingers. (p.1)


Sympathetic Nervous System (SNS)    and the    Parasympathetic Nervous System (PNS)